Verified Neco GCE 2018 Agricultural Science Obj & Theory Answers

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Verified Neco GCE 2018 Agricultural Science Obj & Theory Answers
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    NECO GCE Agricultural Science




     AGRICULTURAL-OBJ 
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    AGRICULTURAL-THEORY 


    (1a) 
    (i) Apply muzzle
    (ii) Do not overwork drought animals
    (iii) Treat animals fairly to prevent them from being hostile
    (iv) Keep them in a healthy environment 
    (v) Feed and provide them with adequate water
    (vi) Make sure that animals are healthy 

    (1b) 
    (i) The land use act(Decree) was promulgated by the Federal Military Government of Nigeria on March 29, 1978.
    (ii) It takes care of inadequacies inherent in land ownership in Nigeria 
    (iii) It is a reform essentially aimed at encouraging proper, productive and efficient use of land
    (iv) The decree stipulate that individual can only use a piece of land for 99 years after which the land reverts to the government. 

    (1ci) Accessibility:
    (i) Locate facilities in the walking distance. 
    (ii) Provide good roads for easy transportation of farm products. 
    (iii) Easy accessibility and evacuation of farm products. 

    (1cii) Topography:
    (i) Animal quarters should be located far away from the staff living quarter. 
    (ii) It determines the location of farm buildings and structures. 
    (iii) The buildings are usually located on the way
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    (5ai)

    (5aii)
    Rainfall requirement is the rainfall of 114cm - 200cm per annual.
    (5aiii)
    Nursery Practices
    (i)Mulching - light mulch to prevent loss of moisture. Mulching also moderates soil temperature.
    (ii)Watering - done immediately after planting and thereafter water regularly early in the mornings and late in the evenings.
    (iii)Weed control- to keep the nursery bed completely weed free by uprooting all the weeds.
    (5aiv)
    Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper.
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    (6a)
    State four side effects of chemical control of pest on citrus plantation

    (6b)
    Mention four conditions necessary for seed germination

    (6c)
    State four effects of diseases on crop production

    (6d)
    State four economic importance of ornamental plants to a farmer

    10a)i) Accurate Planning. Using smart inventory record, you can stay ahead of the demand curve, keep the right amount of products on hand and plan ahead for seasonal changes. This goes back to keeping your customers happy all year long.

    ii) Warehouse Organization: If you know which products are your top sellers and what combinations of products your customers often order together, you can optimize your warehouse setup by putting those products close together and in easily accessible places. This speeds up the picking, packing and shipping processes.

    iii)Inventory Orders. If you’ve done a good job keeping track of how much inventory you have on hand, you can make smarter decisions about when and what to order. Inventory management software lets you speed up the ordering process. You can simply scan a product barcode and type in some information to place an order and generate an invoice.


    9a
    Agricultural insurance is a valuable business risk management tool that provides farmers with financial protection losses caused by natural perils,such as drought, excessive moisture, hail ,frost ,wind and wildlife

    9ci) Agricultural Credit is defined as a type of financing used to provide funding for agricultural producers. This may be in the form of letters of credit, loans or banker's acceptance documents. This is generally used to provide investment from outside resources to the farming sector.

    9cii) An agricultural subsidy (also called an agricultural incentive), is a government incentive paid to agribusinesses, agricultural organizations and farms to supplement their income, manage the supply of agricultural commodities, and influence the cost and supply of such commodities.
    ============++++=++

    (7ai)
    Animal improvement refers to the ways of developing and breeding only those animals that show the greatest merit under consideration such as good feed conversion, growth rate, disease resistance, egg size etc. 

    (7aii)
    (i) To produce animals with high growth rate. 
    (ii) To produce animals that are resistant to parasite and diseases. 
    (7b)
    Queen - To lay eggs. 
    Worker - To feed the caste. 
    (7c)
    (i) Availability of water. 
    (ii) Availability of clay soil. 
    (iii) Vegetation of the area
    (7d)
    (i) They are high in fibre. 
    (ii) They are low in protein. 
    (7e)
    (i) Loss of appetite 
    (ii) High fever
    (iii) Loss of weight 
    (iv) Difficult breathing
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    (4a)
    (i)chalk
    (ii)limestone
    (iii)sandstone
    (4b)
    (i)Drainage ensures that the soil is properly aerated.
    (ii)Drainage reduces soil and nutrient loss from runoff and can help avoid soil erosion.
    (iii)Drainage on hill slopes helps to reduce the risk of soil slippage.
    (4c)
    (i)human
    (ii)transport
    (iii)industries
    (4di)
    Symbiosis is a close relationship between two species in which at least one species benefits. While Parasitism is a relationship in which one species (the parasite) benefits while the other species (the host) is harmed.
    (4dii)
    Symbiosis -------- The relationship between cattle egrets and cattle. 
    Parasitism----------- Tick and cattle
    (4e)
    (i)Houses are built on farmland 
    (ii)Pollution destroy farmland 
    (iii)Social building are built on farmland
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    (10a)
    (i)For planning purposes 
    (ii)For staying within budget
    (iii)identifying a company’s information holdings.
    (10b)
    -family labor-
    (i)It is cheap
    (ii)Small workforce 
    (iii)Used for peasant farming
    -Hired labour-
    (i)It is expensive 
    (ii)Large workforce 
    (iii)Used for commercial farming
    (10c)
    (i)relative advantage
    (ii)compatibility, 
    (iii)complexity
    (v)trialability
    (10d) (i)For Nigerians By Nigerians.
    (ii)International Fund for Agricultural Development. 
    (iii)Propcom Mai-karfi.
    (10e)
    (i)Loan
    (ii)Donation 
    (iii)Personal savings


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