Waec May/June 2022 Food and Nutrition Answers

Waec May/June 2022 Food and Nutrition Answers
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    ""FOOD AND NUTRITION EXAM""
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    FOOD & NUTRITION
    01-10: BDDBBBABBA
    11-20: ACDADCCDAB
    21-30: DCACDBAAAD
    31-40: BCBACCABBB
    41-50: BBBBCDBCBA
    51-60: BBBABBBCCB




    1) i). Starting small: Starting small is the best decision. Starting small will give an opportunity to explore the market in a much better way.

    ii). Have flexibility: The flexibility is important for running a successful business. The flexibility should not just for the menu but also for the schedule of the catering service. The employees should also be able to handle the flexible schedule. If the company does not show flexibility then it will be difficult to earn the trust and loyalty of the customers.

    iii). Taking all safety precautions: Safety is critical for a food business so it is necessary that food business fulfills all the health and cleanliness requirements. If the food you are serving is not of the best quality and results in getting people sick, it will have a negative impact on the reputation of the business.

    iv). Developing a menu: The menu you create is the main thing that is going to attract the customers. The menu should be diverse enough to cater to the needs of diverse clients. It is not possible to serve all types of cuisines because it is not possible for a business to handle that much variety.

    v). Marketing: Marketing is crucial to the success of a business as it will allow you to get the word out about the business. Reaching the potential customers is crucial for increasing the sales of a business.
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    2a. i. Venue
    ii. Time
    iii. Date
    iv. Name of invitees
    v. Regards
    2b
    i. The type of party
    ii. The number of the that will attend the party
    iii. Venue
    iv. Security
    v. Refreshments
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    (3a)An adequate meal means the availability of food in a quantity and quality sufficient to satisfy the dietary needs of individuals, free from adverse substances.

    3b) Important of milk in child diet
    - It help to develop healthy bones,
    - It helps to regulate blood pressure
    - It helps to maintain a healthy weight,
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    (4a)
    (i) Red meat obtained from goats and lambs
    (ii) Poultry/White meat obtained from chicken and turkey
    (iii) Seafood obtained from fish, crab and crustaceans
    (iv) Pork meat obtained from Pig's.

    (4b)
    [TABULATE]

    MACRO NUTRIENTS
    (i) Protein

    FUNCTION
    (i) It helps repair and build the body's tissues and allows metabolic reactions to take place.

    MACRO NUTRIENT
    (ii) Iron

    FUNCTION
    (ii) It helps the muscles store and use oxygen.

    (4c)
    (i) The meat molecules are altered resulting in the formation of a new meat
    (ii) The meat acquires a distinctive roast aroma and flavor

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    (5ai) (i)The protein denatures
    (ii)the state of the iron changes

    (5aii)
    Retail purchases means purchases of goods/ services made for personal/ individual consumption. WHILE Bulk purchasing is the purchase of much larger quantities than the usual, for a unit price that is lower than the usual.

    (5b)
    (i)Size of the family.
    (ii)Type of the family.
    (iii)Availability of money
    (iv)Season of the year

    (5c)
    (i) Reduce Transport Miles
    (ii)It’s Cheaper
    (iii)You Can Buy Exactly How Much You Need

    OR

    (5b)
    (PICK ANY FOUR)
    (i) Family size
    (ii) Family type
    (iii) Availability of money
    (iv) Food Preservation And Storage
    (v) Money availability
    (vi) Where to buy food
    (vii) Season of the year

    (5c)
    (i) It require less overall transportation cost
    (ii) It is cheaper
    (iii) It saves time
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    (6ai) Condensed milk is cow's milk from which water has been removed. It is most often found with sugar added, in the form of sweetened condensed milk, to the extent that the terms "condensed milk" and "sweetened condensed milk" are often used interchangeably today.

    (6aii)Evaporated milk is a milk product, usually sold in cans, that is made by removing about 60 percent of the water from ordinary milk. Evaporated milk can be made from whole milk or skim milk. In either case, the milk is homogenized and then the water is removed with gentle heat. The product is sealed in cans which are then heated to kill any bacteria in the milk.

    (6aiii) Powdered milk, also called milk powder, dried milk, or dry milk, is a manufactured dairy product made by evaporating milk to dryness. One purpose of drying milk is to preserve it; milk powder has a far longer shelf life than liquid milk and does not need to be refrigerated, due to its low moisture content.

    (6b) (i)Milk helps to promote bone growth in a child and reduce any chances of brittle bones.
    (ii)Milk contains calcium that is also extremely important for a child’s dental health.

    (6c) (i)Palouza milk dessert
    (ii)Kesa Peda indian milk dessert

    OR
    (6b)
    (PICK ANY TWO)
    (i) It helps to develop healthy bones
    (ii) It regulates blood pressure
    (iii) It helps to maintain a healthy weight

    (6c)
    (PICK ANY TWO)
    (i) Crepes
    (ii) Cheesecake
    (iii) Fruit custard pudding
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